Unlocking the Truth: Can You Get Pregnant While Breastfeeding?

Yes, it is possible to get pregnant while breastfeeding. However, the likelihood of becoming pregnant while breastfeeding is lower as prolactin and other hormones produced during breastfeeding can suppress ovulation.

Nevertheless, it is important to note that exclusive breastfeeding alone may not be an effective form of contraception, and it is still possible to ovulate and conceive. It is recommended to use other forms of contraception to prevent unplanned pregnancies.

Understanding the risks and taking necessary precautions is important for individuals who are not ready to conceive again while breastfeeding.

can you get pregnant while breastfeeding

How Does Breastfeeding Affect Fertility?

Breastfeeding is an important and natural activity that is vital for both the mother and the baby. Among its benefits are its impact on fertility. Many new mothers wonder how breastfeeding affects their chances of becoming pregnant. The answer to this question is not straightforward, and it varies from one person to another.

In this blog post, we will explore the relationship between breastfeeding and fertility, including the role of breastfeeding in suppressing ovulation, how prolactin affects fertility, and case studies of breastfeeding mothers who became pregnant.

The Role Of Breastfeeding In Suppressing Ovulation

Breastfeeding suppresses ovulation in many women. When a woman breastfeeds, her body releases a hormone called prolactin, which is responsible for milk production. This hormone also suppresses the production of the hormones necessary for ovulation. The level of prolactin in the body varies depending on the frequency and intensity of breastfeeding, but generally, women who breastfeed exclusively and frequently have lower levels of prolactin, which translates to reduced chances of ovulating.

However, it is worth noting that breastfeeding is not a reliable method of contraception, and there is still a chance of becoming pregnant. Unless a woman has stopped ovulating altogether, it is important to use other contraceptive methods to avoid unintended pregnancies.

How Prolactin Affects Fertility

The release of prolactin during breastfeeding not only suppresses ovulation but also affects other processes in the body that are necessary for fertility. For example, prolactin can interfere with the production of estrogen and progesterone, hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle.

This can lead to irregular periods and, in some cases, amenorrhea or the absence of periods altogether.

However, in some women, the absence of periods does not necessarily indicate a lack of ovulation. It is still possible to ovulate without having a period, which means that breastfeeding women who are not menstruating should still use other contraceptive methods.

Case Studies Of Breastfeeding Mothers Who Became Pregnant

While breastfeeding can suppress ovulation, it is still possible for a woman to become pregnant while breastfeeding. The chances of becoming pregnant increase as the frequency and intensity of breastfeeding decreases. In some cases, women may even begin ovulating before their first period.

For example, sarah breastfed her baby exclusively for six months and did not have a period during that time. However, she became pregnant again eight weeks after stopping breastfeeding, despite not having a period. On the other hand, mary breastfed her baby for two years but did not become pregnant until she stopped breastfeeding altogether.

Breastfeeding can affect fertility in different ways depending on the individual. While it can suppress ovulation and interfere with the menstrual cycle, it is not a reliable method of contraception. Breastfeeding mothers who do not want to become pregnant should use other contraceptive methods.

Is It Possible To Get Pregnant While Breastfeeding?

Breastfeeding offers an array of benefits to both the mother and baby, from boosting the immune system to promoting mother-baby bonding. However, many nursing mothers are concerned about getting pregnant while breastfeeding. Is it possible to get pregnant while breastfeeding?

Let’s dive deeper into this topic and explore the factors affecting fertility and breastfeeding, how to predict ovulation while breastfeeding, and the risks of ovulation and unprotected s*e*x while breastfeeding.

Factors That Affect Fertility And Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding can have an impact on fertility due to hormonal changes. Prolactin, the hormone responsible for milk production, can also inhibit ovulation, leading to a lower chance of getting pregnant. However, certain factors can impact fertility, including:

  • Baby’s age: As the baby gets older, feeds become less frequent, reducing the effect of breastfeeding on fertility.
  • Frequency and duration of nursing: Frequent nursing and prolonged breastfeeding can suppress ovulation, decreasing the likelihood of pregnancy.
  • Introduction of solid foods: When a baby begins to consume solid foods, breastfeeding frequency tends to decrease, increasing the chances of pregnancy.
  • Women’s health: Underlying health issues, such as thyroid problems or polycystic ovary syndrome, can impact fertility while breastfeeding.

How To Predict Ovulation While Breastfeeding

Predicting ovulation while breastfeeding can be challenging. Traditional methods such as tracking menstrual cycles and measuring basal body temperature may be unreliable due to hormonal fluctuations. However, there are a few methods to help predict ovulation, such as:

  • Ovulation predictor kits: These kits can help detect the surge of luteinizing hormone (lh) that occurs before ovulation. However, it’s important to note that breastfeeding can affect lh levels, leading to inaccurate results.
  • Cervical mucus observation: Monitoring the changes in cervical mucus can help determine the fertile window. When cervical mucus becomes slippery, clear, and stretchy, it indicates the onset of ovulation.
  • Symptothermal method: This method involves monitoring various signs of fertility, such as basal body temperature, cervical mucus, and other physical symptoms like breast tenderness and mood changes, to predict ovulation.

Risks Of Ovulation And Unprotected S*e*x While Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is not a foolproof method of contraception, and there is still a risk of getting pregnant while breastfeeding. It’s crucial to take precautions and understand the risks involved, such as:

  • Irregular periods: Breastfeeding can cause irregular periods and ovulation, making it difficult to predict the fertile window.
  • Ovulation before period returns: Some women can ovulate before their period returns, meaning that they can get pregnant without realizing they have resumed fertility.
  • Insufficient breastfeeding: If a mother breastfeeds less frequently or for shorter durations, it can decrease the contraceptive effect of breastfeeding.
  • Multiples: While breastfeeding, women are more likely to conceive multiples due to the higher levels of hormones such as prolactin.

While breastfeeding can have a contraceptive effect, it is not a 100% reliable method of contraception. Factors such as baby’s age, frequency, and duration of nursing, as well as women’s health, can impact fertility while breastfeeding. To prevent unwanted pregnancies while breastfeeding, it’s important to use additional contraception methods and understand the risks involved.

Contraceptive Methods For Breastfeeding Mothers

Safe And Effective Contraceptive Methods While Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is an effective natural contraceptive method, but it is not foolproof. Several safe and effective contraceptive methods are available for breastfeeding mothers, which include:

  • Barrier methods: Barrier methods like condoms, diaphragms or cervical caps are safe and effective for breastfeeding mothers. They are easy to use, have no side effects, and do not interfere with breastfeeding.
  • Hormonal methods: Hormonal methods like the mini-pill, injection, hormonal iud or implant can also be used by breastfeeding mothers. These methods release hormones that prevent ovulation, which makes them effective in preventing pregnancy. However, hormonal methods can have some side effects like weight gain, mood changes, and decrease in milk supply.
  • Non-hormonal methods: Non-hormonal methods like copper iud or natural family planning methods can be used by breastfeeding mothers. Copper iud is a small t-shaped device inserted into the uterus which interferes with sperm movement, while natural family planning methods include tracking ovulation to avoid unprotected intercourse.

Comparison Of Hormonal And Non-Hormonal Methods

While both hormonal and non-hormonal methods are effective, they have some differences to consider.

  • Hormonal methods: Hormonal methods are more effective against preventing pregnancy than non-hormonal methods. They are also easier to use than non-hormonal methods as you do not have to remember to use contraception every time you have s*e*x. However, hormonal methods have side effects like weight gain, mood changes, and decrease in milk supply.
  • Non-hormonal methods: Non-hormonal methods like copper iud or natural family planning methods are hormone-free, which means they do not affect milk supply or have side effects. However, non-hormonal methods are less effective than hormonal methods, have a higher failure rate, and require more effort.

How Breastfeeding Affects The Effectiveness Of Contraceptive Methods

Breastfeeding affects the effectiveness of contraceptive methods in two significant ways:

  • Lactational amenorrhea method: Breastfeeding suppresses ovulation, but only if done frequently and regularly. As long as you breastfeed on a schedule of every 4 hours during the day and every 6 hours at night, without using any supplements or pacifiers, you have up to a 98% chance of avoiding pregnancy in the first six months.
  • Interference with hormonal methods: Hormonal methods work by releasing hormones into your body that inhibit ovulation, but breastfeeding can interfere with the effectiveness of these methods. Prolactin, a hormone released by breastfeeding, can decrease the effectiveness of hormonal methods. As a result, hormonal methods may not be as effective for breastfeeding mothers.

While breastfeeding can help prevent pregnancy, it is not 100% effective. Using contraceptives can provide added safety and peace of mind for breastfeeding mothers. There are several safe and effective methods of contraception available, which should be chosen based on personal preference and suitability.

Should You Stop Breastfeeding If You Want To Get Pregnant?

Breastfeeding is a wonderful and natural way to nourish your baby, and many new mothers wonder if they can continue nursing while trying to conceive again. If you’re one of these mothers, you’ve likely asked yourself “should i stop breastfeeding if i want to get pregnant?

” Let’s explore some factors to consider when trying to conceive while breastfeeding, the benefits and drawbacks of continuing to breastfeed while pregnant, and how to make a decision that works best for you and your family.

Factors To Consider When Trying To Conceive While Breastfeeding

  • Hormonal factors: Breastfeeding can suppress ovulation by reducing levels of the hormone, estrogen. This means that if you’re exclusively breastfeeding, it may be more challenging to become pregnant. Keep in mind that every woman’s body is different, and the effects of breastfeeding on fertility can vary.
  • Age: As we age, the quality and quantity of our eggs decline, which can make conception more difficult. If you’re considering having another baby and are over 35, you may want to speak with your healthcare provider about your options.
  • Baby’s age: Infants under six months old are more likely to disrupt a mother’s hormonal balance and suppress ovulation. On the other hand, as your baby gets older and starts eating more solids, nursing sessions may decrease, and changes in hormones may make conception more likely.

Benefits And Drawbacks Of Continued Breastfeeding While Pregnant


  • Familiar routine: Continuing to breastfeed can provide comfort and stability to your older child during a time of significant change.
  • Health benefits for you and baby: Breastfeeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and osteoporosis for mothers. For babies, it can reduce the risk of infections and allergies.
  • Economic benefits: Breastfeeding is free, providing a cost-effective way to nourish your baby.


  • Nipple sensitivity: As hormones change during pregnancy, nipple irritation, and tenderness may occur. This can make breastfeeding uncomfortable or challenging for some mothers.
  • Decreased milk supply: As your body prepares for a new baby, your milk supply may decrease, or the taste of the milk may change, making nursing less appealing to older babies.
  • Time and energy: Breastfeeding while pregnant can be exhausting, and finding the time to nurse both a newborn and an older child can be challenging.

How To Make A Decision That Works For You

Ultimately, the decision to continue breastfeeding while trying to conceive is personal and depends on individual circumstances. Some mothers find that they are ready to wean their older child, while others opt to continue nursing. If you’re uncertain about what to do, speak with your healthcare provider or a lactation consultant to assess what is best for you, your baby, and your family.

Trying to conceive while breastfeeding can present challenges, but with careful consideration, you can make a decision that works best for your family. Remember, there’s no right or wrong answer, and every mother’s journey is different.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Can You Get Pregnant While Breastfeeding If You Have Not Gotten Your Period Yet?

It is possible to get pregnant while breastfeeding, even if you haven’t had your period yet. Many women ovulate before their period returns, which means that you could become pregnant without knowing it. Using birth control can help prevent pregnancy.

Can Breastfeeding Serve As A Contraception Method?

Breastfeeding can serve as a natural form of contraception, but it is not a foolproof method. Lactational amenorrhea, or when breastfeeding suppresses ovulation, can prevent pregnancy for the first six months after delivery, but after that, another form of contraception should be used.

Can Pumping Milk Interfere With Fertility?

Pumping milk has not been shown to interfere with fertility. However, stress and factors related to milk production, such as low body weight and nutrient deficiencies, can affect fertility. It’s essential to take care of your body to ensure your health and fertility.

Can Breastfeeding Impact The Chances Of Conception?

Breastfeeding can impact your chances of conception. The hormones involved in breast milk production can suppress ovulation, which means you may have a lower chance of becoming pregnant. However, it’s not a reliable form of contraception, so it’s still important to consider other methods if you don’t want to become pregnant.

Can Breastfeeding Impact The Quality And Quantity Of The Breast Milk?

Breastfeeding can impact the quality and quantity of breast milk. Stress, lack of sleep, and poor nutrition can all affect milk production and quality. Taking care of your body and seeking support can help ensure that your breast milk is healthy and abundant for your baby.


To sum it up, it is possible to get pregnant while breastfeeding, even if you haven’t had your period back yet. However, the chance of getting pregnant isn’t high if you are exclusively breastfeeding your child during the first few months after giving birth.

It is important to remember that every woman’s body is different and the return of fertility varies. It is always recommended to use a reliable form of birth control if you do not want to get pregnant. If you are unsure about your fertility status or have any concerns, it is best to consult with your healthcare provider.

Breastfeeding is a beautiful and natural way to bond with your child, but it is also essential to prioritize and take care of your own health and well-being throughout the postpartum period.

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